What is it?

Migraine is a neurological disorder that can be very distressing and disabling.

In simple terms, migraine pain can be thought of as an altered perception of normality, such that normal sensory input is misinterpreted as pain. 

What does it feel like?

Severe, one-sided throbbing pain, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, cold hands, sensitivity to sound, light and smells. Migraine with aura may include visual disturbances, although you can still have be suffering from a migraine in absence of an aura. 


Why does it happen?

  • Endocrine changes (premenstrual or menstrual, oral contraceptive pill, pregnancy, menopause, hyperthyroidism)

  • Metabolic changes (anemia,thyroid disease)

  • Change in activity including extreme exercise

  • Drugs & Alcohol

  • Anecdotally Chocolate, cheese and preservatives are commonly reported triggers.

Tension Headache






What is it?

A tension headache is generally a diffuse, mild to moderate pain in your head that's often described as feeling like a tight band around your head. A tension headache (tension-type headache) is the most common type of headache. 

The most common theory supports a heightened sensitivity to pain in people who have tension headaches.

Increased muscle tenderness, a common symptom of tension headaches, may result from a sensitised nervous system.

What does it feel like?

A dull, non-throbbing pain, frequently bilateral, associated with tightness of scalp or neck. Degree of severity remains constant.

Why does it happen?

  • Stress is the most commonly reported trigger for tension headaches.

  • Built up tension 

  • Prolonged inefficient postures or positions of discomfort

Cervicogenic Headache











What is it?

Cervicogenic headache is a chronic headache that arises from the atlanto-occipital and upper cervical joints and perceived in one or more regions of the head and/or face.

What does it feel like?

Pain & discomfort at:

  • Base of neck

  • Forehead

  • Temples

  • Face

Why does it happen?

  • Exacerbated by inefficient  posture.

  • Irritation of the upper 3 cervical spine joints (base of neck).

  • Associated with neck pain or dysfunction.

  • Excessive tension & trigger points in upper trapezius, levator scapulae, scales and suboccipital extensors.

  • Weakness in the deep neck flexors.


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