Elbow - Wrist - Hand

Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer’s Elbow)











What is it?      

Medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow) is a type of tendinitis that affects the inside of the elbow. It develops where tendons in the forearm muscle connect to the bony part on the inside of the elbow.

Tendons attach muscles to bones. Due to injury or irritation, they can become swollen and painful. Although medial epicondylitis is referred to as golfer’s elbow, it doesn’t only affect golfers. It can occur from any activity involving use of the arms or wrists, including tennis and baseball.


What does it feel like?

  • Pain on the inside of your elbow

  • Elbow stiffness

  • Hand and wrist weakness

  • Tingling sensation or numbness in the fingers, especially the ring and little fingers

  • Difficulty moving the elbow


Why does this happen?

Medial epicondylitis is caused by repetitive motions, which is why this condition occurs among athletes. Golfers may develop this type of tendinitis from repeatedly swinging a golf club, whereas tennis players can develop it from repeatedly using their arms to swing a tennis racket. In both cases, overuse of the arms and wrist damages tendons and triggers pain, stiffness, and weakness.

Other risk factors for this type of tendinitis include playing baseball or softball, rowing, and weightlifting. Activities like playing an instrument and typing on the computer can also lead to medial epicondylitis.


Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)



What is it?      

Tennis elbow is a type of tendinitis -- swelling of the tendons -- that causes pain in the elbow and arm. These tendons are bands of tough tissue that connect the muscles of your lower arm to the bone. Despite its name, you can still get tennis elbow even if you've never been near a tennis court. Instead, any repetitive gripping activities, especially if they use the thumb and first two fingers, may contribute to tennis elbow.


What does it feel like?

  • The symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and tenderness in the bony knob on the outside of your elbow. This knob is where the injured tendons connect to the bone. The pain may also radiate into the upper or lower arm. Although the damage is in the elbow, you're likely to hurt when doing things with your hands.

  • Tennis elbow may cause the most pain when you:

  • Lift something 

  • Make a fist or grip an object 

  • Open a door or shake hands

  • Raise your hand or straighten your wrist


Why does this happen?

Tennis elbow usually develops over time. Repetitive motions -- like gripping a racket during a swing -- can strain the muscles and put too much stress on the tendons. That constant tugging can eventually cause microscopic tears in the tissue.

Tennis elbow might result from sports such as Tennis, Squash, Fencing, Weight lifting.

It can also affect people with jobs or hobbies that require repetitive arm movements or gripping such as Carpentry, Typing, Painting and Knitting.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome












What is it?      

If you’re feeling numbness, tingling, or weakness in your hand, you may have carpal tunnel syndrome.

It's caused by pressure on your median nerve, which runs the length of the arm, goes through a passage in the wrist called the carpal tunnel, and ends in the hand. The median controls the movement and feeling of your thumb, and also the movement of all your fingers except your pinky. The carpal tunnel is narrowed as a result, usually from swelling. If you have carpal tunnel syndrome and don't get it treated, its symptoms can last a long time, get worse, and can even go away and return.


What does it feel like?

Often, symptoms start at night. That’s because most people sleep with their wrists bent, which causes pressure on the median nerve. You might wake up feeling like you need to shake your hands out.

As your condition gets worse, you may notice symptoms during the day, as well. This often happens when you’re doing something where your wrist is bent up or down for a long time, like driving a car, reading a newspaper, or holding your phone.

At first, symptoms tend to come and go. But over time, they occur more often and become worse.

You might also notice other symptoms:

  • Your fingers feel swollen, even though they don’t look like it.

  • Pain and tingling travel up your forearm to your shoulder.

  • “Shocks” come and go in your thumb and fingers.

  • You drop things more often (due to numbness or weakened muscles).

  • You’re having a hard time working with small objects, like the buttons on your shirt.

  • It’s harder to make a fist than it used to be.


Why does this happen?

  • Women are three times more likely to have carpal tunnel syndrome than men.

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome is most frequently diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 60.

  • Certain conditions increase your risk for developing it, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and arthritis.

  • Lifestyle factors that may increase the risk for carpal tunnel syndrome include smoking, high salt intake, sedentary lifestyle, and a high body mass index (BMI).

Jobs that involve repetitive wrist movement include:

  • Manufacturing

  • Assembly line work

  • Keyboarding occupations

  • Construction work.

People employed in these occupations may be at higher risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome.

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